The book Management Information Systems for the Information Age (2007 McGraw-Hill Higher Education) notes that among companies that experience a major catastrophe in which their data is lost, 43% never reopen, 51% close within two years and only six percent survive in the long term.
Many CIOs are already taking steps to implement disaster plans to prevent such losses. Whether youre starting from scratch or revising current strategies, the best solutions for getting back on track often have just as much to do with being adequately staffed as having the latest and greatest technologies in place.
1. Do we have the right skill sets on staff?
Incremental nightly backups, weekly full backups, off-site redundancy and scalability are commonly included in disaster recovery plans. But do you actually have the staff capable of managing these strategies?
The skills needed for everyday IT demands in your department may not always align with what is required to support disaster preparation. For example, consider whether you have someone on your team who knows how to devise, schedule and implement disaster recovery tests and analyze results. Also, make sure people have the necessary qualifications to take the lead and implement recovery plans in case of an emergency and that there is staff capable of supporting these individuals.
You may need to invest in specialized training or hire employees such as disaster recovery/business continuity analysts to ensure your team has what it takes to get your firm through a crisis.
2. Should we outsource or keep disaster recovery planning in-house?
Your personnel levels also are critical when determining whether to outsource or maintain disaster-planning activities internally. Here are a few questions to consider:
3. Are we too reliant on particular employees?
Part of effective disaster planning is making sure more than one person can handle each job function in your group. This is critical not only during major catastrophes, but also during more minor situations, such as people quitting or going on extended leaves-of-absence unexpectedly. Your recovery efforts after an extended power outage can quickly stall if the sole individual who knows what to do cant get to the office due to extreme weather. There should always be at least one backup person who can manage a particular situation or technology.