"Innovation is a lot more than whiz-bang new products," said John Kao, chairman of Kao and Company, a firm that advises corporations on large-scale innovation strategies. "It's about how the technology is used, how different processes are put into place. Innovation is about paying attention to how you change the way things operate in society," Kao explained. He names Steve Jobs, Ford's CEO Alan Mulally, and former IBM CEO Louis V. Gerstner as examples of excellent leaders who know how to push breakthrough projects forward. Here are 10 traits found in leaders such as these:
Ability to set the agenda - Kao said leaders such as Jobs have the vision and relentless attention to detail to maintain control over a companys plans for implementing new technologies or processes. "Steve Jobs is able to set the agendas that propel Apple forward, which is why people consider him to be indispensable to Apple. He has that ability to be fluid in terms of his cognitive skills, and that's why he's infatuated with great engineering and great design."
He notes that leaders also must have the courage to face the uncertainty that they or the company may not succeed. "Finding people with an innate sense of urgency―who are able to see the opportunities lying behind many of todays business challenges and who are excited about those opportunities, instead of just being fearful of the challenges―will help assure the success of your innovation efforts," Lindegaard said. "Innovation projects are by nature uncertain."
A stomach for uncertainty - "Innovation leaders and intrapreneurs (a leader that works to promote innovation yet adheres to the culture of the organization) accept the high level of uncertainty with regards to market, technology and organizational issues, and are comfortable making decisions based on what they know right now," said Lindegaard.
"Indeed, most executives list the acceptance of risk and its companion quality, tolerance of failure, among the top attributes of innovation leaders," writes Jean-Philippe Deschamps, author of the book Innovation Leaders: How Senior Executives Stimulate, Steer and Sustain Innovation.
Networking and communication prowess - While researching and spreading the word, innovators know how to network using excellent communication skills, according to Lindegaard. "Innovation leaders and intrapreneurs need to be clear communicators who can persuade and inspire other people, including those who are reluctant to embrace change."
A passionate champion for new projects - While spreading the word of innovation breakthrough works within the organization, innovation leaders also must know the ins and outs of the organization.
"Innovation leaders need the ability to read the corporate landscape, and they need to be able to maneuver within corporate politics to secure the necessary internal resources for the innovation projects," said Lindegaard. "They must attend to the issues of many stakeholders, including senior executives, middle managers, and external partners."
Meanwhile, innovation leaders need to show passion when promoting new plans. "Their drive makes them like a piece of cork floating in the ocean," said Lindegaard. "No matter how rough the waters get, they will rise to the surface again and again."
"Passion seems to be a common trait of all innovators and innovation leaders, whatever the company," said Deschamps.
Adaptability - "True innovators also understand that lessons from one arena can often be used to drive innovation in another, so they usually do not confine their learning to just their own narrow field," said Lindegaard.