MS CRM will integrate with the back-office applications provided by Microsoft's Great Plains division, and will be sold by authorized Microsoft Great Plains channel partners. Cost per seat pricing was not announced as of this publication, but is expected to position MS CRM roughly midway between opportunity management and SFA products such as ACT! and GoldMine at the low end, and the FrontRange Office Suite and SalesLogix at the mid-market. Availability of MS CRM is planned for Q4 of this year.
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Microsoft's entry into the CRM market represents not only a significant threat, but also the biggest opportunity that vendors, systems integrators, and end-users with the technical capability, financial resources, and vision to adapt to Microsoft's long-term CRM architecture have likely seen for a long time.
Changing the Rules
Microsoft's announcement marks a significant departure from its previous role as a provider of infrastructure software, and signals what Aberdeen research indicates will become a sea change in the CRM industry.
Microsoft has established a significant presence in CRM over the past five years, but has deliberately kept a low profile by supplying the infrastructure software - operating systems, database software, and browser technologies - that underpins a majority of the CRM applications in production today.
Microsoft's acquisition of Great Plains Software signaled the company's intent to move into the applications market - a significant move for Microsoft and one that went largely unnoticed and uncontested in the industry. This acquisition, coupled with Microsoft's continued focus on and investment in .NET, .NET My Services (formerly known as Hailstorm), and its Passport authentication system, indicates that Microsoft is going to once again change the rules of the game.
For example, .NET will fundamentally change the way in which CRM applications access dynamic, Web-based information and Web services, and MS CRM has been designed to be completely .NET compatible. Further, Microsoft's Passport product - another set of .NET-enabled Web services designed to facilitate user verification and transactions on the Internet - will also enhance the ability of Microsoft and Microsoft MS CRM partners to manage customer interactions and purchasing transactions.
Threat or Opportunity?
For the small to medium business (SMB) that recognizes the value of optimizing its customer relationships, Microsoft's announcement represents nothing but a new opportunity. The SMB and mid-markets continue to be the largest opportunity in CRM: Many of the companies in this segment, with limited financial and technical resources and often legitimate concerns about lengthy CRM implementations, have largely relied on cobbled-together or home-grown alternatives based on Outlook and some Excel spreadsheets.
The opportunity to buy what appears to be a cost-effective system from Microsoft, and one that closely resembles the Office Suite already on the desktop, will represent an attractive proposition. And, as .NET technology matures and .NET service offerings become more widespread, the small business owner will have the opportunity to more effectively leverage the Internet for its marketing, sales, and customer support needs.
A few opinions have already appeared in the trade press, predicting that Microsoft will simply roll into the CRM market and take the entire bottom half of the market as its own. And that would mean any companies playing in this segment are history. According to Aberdeen research, however, that viewpoint is shortsighted and overly simplistic. The real question is whether Microsofts announcement represents a threat or an opportunity.
The real issue here is not whether Microsoft will pose a competitive challenge to established vendors in CRM, because it clearly will. The real question to ask is, What opportunities and what new markets are being created by Microsoft's entry into the market?
The opportunities in providing Web services - in Microsoft's world, .NET services - are just now beginning to be understood. A CRM technology or services supplier with the vision to embrace .NET could develop a core competence augmenting CRM applications (whether its own suite or Microsoft's) with Web-based services. These services could provide a steady stream of fresh, qualified leads to MS CRM users, for example, or facilitate the integration of outsourced back-office application services such as billing to an MS CRM-based customer support application. The new model for CRM will become a hybrid one, consisting of an application on the desktop, integrated and enhanced by dynamic data provided by a .NET application over the Web.
Microsoft is one of the few companies in the market with the presence on the desktop; the financial and technical resources; and, frankly, the market authority to pull off this type of transition.
In our view, Microsoft's intent is not to dominate the CRM market: Its real motive is to evolve its business model and to sustain its historical growth and profitability levels by providing Web services. Microsoft has already clearly articulated this strategy, and MS CRM (and the .NET and related architectures) back this claim. The impact of this strategy will eventually be felt in every major business applications market segment, including CRM, ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning), and e-Business.
CRM represents a beachhead that Microsoft needs to control to accomplish its objective. The other technologies - .NET/.NET My Services, and Passport - are already in place and are steadily gaining advocates. With all three legs in place, Microsoft and its partners will steadily change the architecture of CRM, and of many business applications, to incorporate Web services in what Microsoft hopes will become an industry-standard architecture: .NET.
There is no doubt that the CRM market will be changed by Microsoft's MS CRM announcement. We continue to believe, however, that for the company - software vendor, systems integrator, or partner - with the vision, the appropriate technology and services base, and the financial resources to weather these changes that more opportunity is being created here than is being destroyed.
Christopher Fletcher manages Aberdeen Group's Customer Relationship Management (CRM) practice, which provides research and consulting on market strategy, communication, product positioning, and branding for established and emerging CRM technology suppliers.