For years IT was perceived as an engineering function of sorts. Detailed technical skills were far more relevant than business acumen, and this faded notion continues to hold true in many IT shops where the CIO is an uber-technologist first, and a competent leader second.
More recently, the concept of IT-as-a-business emerged, advocating that CIOs run their IT department as an internal business, perhaps even managing a P&L while acting as a service provider to other business units.
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The fatal flaw in this strategy is that IT is effectively reduced to a utility that can be purchased at commodity pricing. While running your IT organization as a business brings rigor to managing costs, it does little to change the focus of IT beyond providing a commodity service, implemented only when requested by other business units.
As IT outsourcing continues to flourish, larger external IT support companies will always be able to under price an internal IT group, putting the CIO and their organization in an untenable position of competing on cost with an external provider with greater resources and larger economies of scale.
What is the CIO to do in this environment? Some have chosen to stand their ground as chief technologists. They beef up the technical acumen of their staff and sharpening their focus on the technical side of the house in the hopes they become too valuable to be outsourced.
Some choose to streamline IT as much as possible, outsourcing some parts of the organization and trimming costs, hoping that the CEO and CFO will be satisfied and avoid any discussion of further cost cutting and outsourcing.
In this environment, the IT function of one company is distinguishable from the next primarily based on cost; creating a continual pressure to do more with less. Competitive advantage is tied to cost cutting, and the CIO is relegated to a glorified, albeit well-paid, facilities manager.
The Strategic CIO
The new CIO takes a completely different tack, viewing outsourcing as an opportunity to shed the utility portion of his or her business.
Support infrastructure and other utility functions of IT are outsourced, either to an internal support organization or an external vendor, freeing the attention of the CIO to focus on the future: executing business strategy, rather than attempting to be a low-cost commodity provider.
This CIO does whatever it takes to gain trusted-advisor status with key executives within the C-suite, providing advice on how IT can be used to enable strategy rather than touting the latest and greatest technology irrespective of the business problem at hand.
Just as evolving thinking in marketing envisions marketers and product designers sitting together when designing a new product, the strategic CIO is also at this table; determining how IT can get the product to market faster, cheaper and better than the competition.
Suddenly, IT is no longer a utility to be invoked after a strategic direction has been embarked on by the company, but IT is a business weapon that contributes to and enables that strategy early in its execution.